WikiNerdiA - Your resource in building a successful business

Social relationship

From CyberNerdz Consulting Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Sociology Template:About

In social science, a social relation or social interaction refers to a relationship between two (i.e. a dyad), three (i.e. a triad) or more individuals (e.g. a social group). Social relations, derived from individual agency, form the basis of the social structure. To this extent social relations are always the basic object of analysis for social scientists. Fundamental enquiries into the nature of social relations are to be found in the work of the classical sociologists, for instance, in Max Weber's theory of social action. Further categories must be established in the abstract in order to form observations and conduct social research, such as Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft (lit. "Community and Society") or "collective consciousness".

Disputes over the conduct of investigating social interaction relate to the core debates in sociology and the other social sciences: positivism (quantitative research) against antipositivism (qualitative research), structure against agency, structural functionalism against conflict theory, as well as the philosophy of social science itself.

Contents

Forms of relation and interaction

Forms of relation and interaction in sociology and anthropology may be described as follows: first and most basic are animal-like behaviors, i.e. various physical movements of the body. Then there are actions - movements with a meaning and purpose. Then there are social behaviors, or social actions, which address (directly or indirectly) other people, which solicit a response from another agent. Next are social contacts, a pair of social actions, which form the beginning of social interactions. Social interactions in turn form the basis of social relations. Symbols define social relationships. Without symbols, our social life would be no more sophisticated than that of animals. For example, without symbols we would have no aunts or uncles, employers or teachers-or even brothers and sisters. In sum, Symbolic integrationists analyze how social life depends on the ways we define ourselves and others. They study face-to-face interaction, examining how people make sense out of life, how they determine their relationships.

These divisions are illustrated in the table below:

Physical movement Meaning Directed towards others Await response Unique/rare interaction Interactions Accidental, not planned, but repeated interaction Regular Interactions described by law, custom or tradition A scheme of social interactions
Behavior Template:Yes
Action Template:Yes Template:Yes
Social behavior Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Social action Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Social contact Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Social interaction Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Repeated interaction Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Regular interaction Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Regulated interaction Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes
Social relation Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes Template:Yes

See also

Template:Columns-list

Related disciplines

References

ca:Relació social de:Soziale Beziehung es:Relación social eo:Sociaj rilatoj fr:Rapports sociaux id:Interaksi sosial kk:Әлеуметтік қарым-қатыныстар lt:Visuomeniniai santykiai pl:Stosunek społeczny pt:Relação social ru:Общественные отношения sr:Друштвени односи fi:Yhteisöllisyys uk:Соціальні відносини vi:Quan hệ xã hội zh:社会关系

Personal tools